Portland is a PR machine for light rail & streetcar
Here are Some Facts About Portland Oregon
“It must always be remembered how cost-effectiveness works in the public sector:
the cost IS the benefit.” - author unknown
Imaginary "Urban Villages"
Bertaud insists on the importance of cities as unified labor markets. Metropolitan
areas will be hampered in their development and innovation to the extent that they
He is particularly critical of planning attempts to create "urban villages" within
the unified labor markets (metropolitan areas). He contends that: "The urban village
model” implies a systematic fragmentation of labor markets within a large metropolis
and does not make economic sense in the real world."
According to Bertaud, the urban village "model does not exist in the real world because
it contradicts the economic justification of large cities: the efficiency of large
labor markets." The cold water of reality is that "... the urban village model exists
only in the mind of urban planners."
Uncontained Self-Contained Satellite Towns
He supports his claim. Seoul's satellite communities were intended to be self contained
towns (urban villages), in which most residents both lived and worked. Yet, most
of the workers employed in the satellite towns live in other parts of the metropolitan
area. At the same time, most of the residents of the satellite work in other parts
of the Seoul metropolitan area. He cites Stockholm regulations requiring neighborhood
jobs – housing balances as having no impact on shortening commute distances even
when such a balance is achieved.
In this essay, we document that sprawl is ubiquitous and that it is continuing to
expand. Using a variety of evidence, we argue that sprawl is not the result of explicit
government policies or bad urban planning, but rather the inexorable product of car-based
living. Sprawl has been associated with significant improvements in quality of living,
and the environmental impacts of sprawl have been offset by technological change.
Finally, we suggest that the primary social problem associated with sprawl is the
fact that some people are left behind because they do not earn enough to afford the
cars that this form of living requires. From: Ed Glaeser and Matthew Kahn, Sprawl
and Urban Growth (2003).